German China

Saudi Arabia: Crop Science

Desert Bacterium Promotes Crop Production in Arid Lands

| Editor: Alexander Stark

Heribert Hirt (left) and Maged Saad lead the Darwin21 project, which aims to find bacteria that can help crops become resistant to abiotic stresses that reduce crop productivity.
Gallery: 1 image
Heribert Hirt (left) and Maged Saad lead the Darwin21 project, which aims to find bacteria that can help crops become resistant to abiotic stresses that reduce crop productivity. (Source: Kaust)

The bacterium SA187 has been isolated from the root nodules of an indigenous desert plant that grows in Saudi Arabia. A team of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Kaust) discovered it has many genes that promote plant growth in stressful environments.

Thuwal/Saudi Arabia — The UN Food and Agriculture Organization estimates farmers will need to produce 70 % more food by 2050 to meet the needs of the world’s growing population. At the same time, 70 % of global annual food production is lost due to challenges from various biotic (pathogens, insects, herbivores) and abiotic (drought, heat, cold) factors.

Crops need to be more stress resistant, but genetic engineering and crop breeding technologies take a long time to develop and they can’t immediately serve the people who need food the most: subsistence farmers who eat what they farm. “So we need fast and low-cost solutions that are affordable and accessible to everyone on the planet,” says says plant scientist Heribert Hirt. The Darwin21 project aims to find bacteria that can help crops become resistant to the most prominent abiotic stresses that are responsible for 60 % of the loss in crop productivity, he says.

Protective Partner

Kaust researchers treated five-day-old seedlings of a small flowering plant called Arabidopsis thaliana with the bacterium SA187. The plants were then grown in conditions that tested their tolerance to drought, heat and salt stresses. Plants treated with SA187 grew better than those not treated with the bacterium.

Analyses also showed that SA187 can adapt to diverse and harsh environments; colonize plants and modulate their hormone production, thus promoting growth; and produce enzymes that protect the plant against pathogenic bacteria, insects and fungi.

Significantly, the team compared the genome of SA187 with that of other bacteria and found that it could be a new genus that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family of bacteria. Further investigations are required, however, to fully characterize its taxonomic position.

Genetic Treasure

The team was able to analyze the bacterium’s genome in detail and to assess the likely functions of many of its genes using Kaust’s computational pipeline, Automatic Annotation of Microbial/Meta Genomes, says bioinformatician, Intikhab Alam, of the Computational Bioscience Research Center.

Syngenta Announces Appointment of Chief Sustainability Officer

Switzerland: More Sustainable Agricultural Production

Syngenta Announces Appointment of Chief Sustainability Officer

01/15/2018 - Syngenta has appointed Alexandra Brand, previously Regional Director for Europe, Africa and Middle East, to the new position of Chief Sustainability Officer (CSO). read...

Identified genes were added to the Integrated Database of microbial/meta Genomes (Indigo) to provide an easy-to-use platform for biologists to further explore these genes.

Maged Saad, a research scientist with the team, has developed an application that coats plant seeds with the bacteria before they are sown. This gives the bacteria a competitive advantage to establish on the plant before it is exposed to other bacteria in the soil.

Four of Hirt’s students are now establishing a nonprofit company to distribute SA187 to poor subsistence farmers in various parts of the world. “We hope that by increasing the harvest of these farmers, they will be able to buy essential tools, such as tractors, to improve their production and make a sustainable living,” says Hirt.

Original Article

Andres-Barrao, C., Lafi, F.F., Alam, I., de Zelicourt, A., Eida, A.A., Bokhari, A., Alzubaidy, H., Bajic., V.B., Hirt, H. & Saad, M.M. Complete genome sequence analysis of Enterobacter sp. SA187, a plant multi-stress tolerance promoting endophytic bacterium. Frontiers in Microbiology 8, 2023 (2017).

Comments are being loaded ....

Leave a comment
  1. Avatar
    Avatar
    Edited by at
    Edited by at
    1. Avatar
      Avatar
      Edited by at
      Edited by at

Comments are being loaded ....

Report comment

Kommentar Freigeben

Der untenstehende Text wird an den Kommentator gesendet, falls dieser eine Email-hinterlegt hat.

Freigabe entfernen

Der untenstehende Text wird an den Kommentator gesendet, falls dieser eine Email-hinterlegt hat.

copyright

This article is protected by copyright. You want to use it for your own purpose? Infos can be found under www.mycontentfactory.de (ID: 45126700 / Laborpraxis Worldwide)